Pajamas or pyjamas, typically shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can confer with quite a few associated forms of garments originating with the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are unfastened-fitting clothes derived from the first garment and worn mainly for sleeping,[one] but sometimes also for lounging,[2] also by each sexes.[3] Far more normally, pajamas may possibly seek advice from quite a few clothes, for both daywear and nightwear, derived from traditional pajamas and involving variations of style and material.

The word pyjama [4] was borrowed c. 1800 within the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), itself borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[five][six] The first pyjāmā are free, light-weight trousers equipped with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans for the duration of East India Corporation rule in India.[seven][eight]

The all over the world usage of pajamas (the phrase along with the garment) is the result of adoption by British colonists in India inside the 18th and 19th hundreds of years, as well as the British influence on the wider Western world during the Victorian period. Pajamas were released to England as "lounging attire" as early because the seventeenth century, then referred to as mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) but they before long fell outside of vogue. The phrase pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the primary fifty percent in the nineteenth century. They did not turn into a manner in Britain plus the Western planet as sleeping attire for guys until eventually the Victorian time period, from about 1870.[9]

Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Words and Phrases (1886) summarizes the point out of utilization at time (s.v. "pyjammas"):

Such a garment is used by many people in India e.g. by Girls of various classes, by Sikh Adult men, and most by Mohammedans of each zenske pidzame sexes. It absolutely was adopted with the Mohammedans by Europeans as an article of dishabille and of night time attire, and is synonymous with Extensive Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It can be probable that we English took the habit similar to a excellent numerous Many others through the Portuguese. Therefore Pyrard (c. 1610) suggests, in speaking of Goa Hospital: "Ils ont pressure calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The word has become used in London outlets. A pal furnishes the subsequent reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Road, some on 40 yrs ago, in reply to a matter why pyjammas had toes sewn on to them (as was at times the situation with People furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I believe, Sir, it can be due to the White Ants."[ten]


Common pajamas include a jacket-and-trousers mixture product of delicate cloth, including flannel or light-weight cotton.[11] The jacket ingredient zenske pidzame typically has a placket front and its sleeves haven't any cuffs.[12] Lots of individuals choose to snooze or lounge in just the pajama trousers, possibly having a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. Due to this, pajama pants for guys and boys will often be offered as separates.

In colloquial speech, these common pajamas are frequently termed PJs, jim jams, or jammies.[13] In South Asia and South Africa, they are occasionally generally known as night fits.

Some pajamas feature a drop seat (often called a trap door or butt flap): a buttoned opening during the seat, made to enable the wearer to conveniently utilize a toilet. Drop seats ended up very common on pajamas created ahead of the fifties, but within the early 20-to start with century They may be somewhat scarce.

Up to date pajamas are derived from common pajamas. There are numerous versions in design and style such as quick sleeve pajamas,[fourteen] pajama bottoms[fifteen] of different length,[16] or, once in a while, a person-piece pajamas,[seventeen] and pajamas incorporating numerous components. Mainly from the US, extend-knit slumber apparel with rib-knit trimmings are frequent. Normally worn by little ones, these clothes often have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if 1-piece), and can also be footed.

Despite the fact that pajamas usually are distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping clothes such as nightgowns, within the US, they've often involved the latter for a major. Babydoll pyjamas Have got a kind of short dress leading more than shorts or quick pants.[18]

Pajamas might right now consult with Girls's blend daywear, particularly in the US the place they grew to become common while in the early twentieth century, consisting of limited-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and lightweight pants. Examples of these consist of capri pajamas, beach pajamas, and hostess pajamas.[19]

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